Interdisciplinary field – Biomedical Engineering

Another especially impressive field of study is that of biomedical engineering, which concerns the application of the problem-solving principles of engineering to the biology and medical sciences. Particularly in the last century, astonishing advancements in science and technology have come out of this field. Scientists and engineers are constantly improving health care treatments with new breakthroughs in modern medicine in regards to therapy, diagnosis and monitoring techniques. There are many subdisciplines and topics within biomedical engineering and they all require years of study to fully understand; some of these fields include bioinformatics, biomechanics, biomaterials, tissue engineering, genetic engineering, neural engineering and pharmaceutical engineering. Biomedical engineering is one of the highest regarded professions in the world.

Tissue engineering

One of the most interesting emerging fields is tissue engineering, the creation of entirely new organic tissue, with the goal of creating entire organs for transplant purposes. This can be achieved through the contentious use of human stem cells to grow new tissue. Many bioengineers are experimenting with bioartificial organs and limbs, comprised of both synthetic and biological material.

Genetic engineering

Genetic engineering, which is also a controversial field of study, involves the genetic manipulation of the genes of different organisms. Also known as gene splicing and genetic modification, it can be used in many different fields, particularly for medical, agricultural, industrial and research purposes. In terms of biomedical engineering, it can be useful through gene therapy and the creation of drugs such as synthetic insulin, an incredibly important medicine with a global demand.

Neural engineering

Neural engineering uses engineering techniques to better understand, repair and manipulate neural systems for medical purposes. It encompasses neuroscience, neurology, neuromechanics, neural imaging, neural networks, neuromodulation and neural network studies. This is an incredibly interesting field of study within biomedical engineering, seeking to advance medical science greatly.

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