Civil Engineering Branch

Civil engineering is essentially the design and construction of the built environment around us, including both public and private sector construction. It is one of the world’s oldest and most widespread professions.

There are many subdisciplines of civil engineering including:

  • Mining engineering
  • Water resources engineering
  • Structural engineering
  • Geotechnical engineering
  • Transport engineering
  • Environmental engineering

Mining engineering

Mining engineering involves the process of extracting natural resources from the environment for the purposes of construction and commercial development. It is closely related to environmental engineering as specialists must consider not only the efficiency of extracting and processing materials, but the impact this extraction has on the natural environment.

Water resources engineering

Water resources engineering can be traced back to the aqueducts of Ancient Rome, and focuses on the efficient management of water resources, and incorporates river, coastal, hydraulic and groundwater engineering systems.

Structural engineering

Structural engineering encompasses all modern structural load management, aiming to support the load of structures and achieve resistance against the elements. It is comprised of ocean, wind, architectural and earthquake engineering.

Geotechnical engineering

Geotechnical engineering involves the study of complex soil science and is incredibly important to foundational construction. This subdiscipline works closely with mining and foundational engineers. A new field of geoenvironmental engineering has also emerged, focusing on the protection of groundwater resources and the management of landfills.

Transport engineering

Transport engineering encompasses all types of transportation infrastructure and aims to ensure the safe and efficient transfer of goods and people from one place to another. Within the subdiscipline are the specializations of highway, traffic and railway systems engineering.

Environmental engineering

Environmental engineering concerns the environmentally-friendly disposal of pollutive waste products and also incorporates the issues of public health and safety. Specialties within the subdiscipline include wastewater, fire protection, sanitation, municipal and urban, and ecological engineering. These engineers also focus on the possible environmental impacts of projects and construction.

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